Two Greenhouse Gas Courses for the University of Toronto

Aaron Schroeder will be instructing two greenhouse gas courses for the University of Toronto, September 20-23rd, 2016: "Greenhouse Gas Inventory, Accounting and Reporting" and "Greenhouse Gas Validation and Verification." No pre-requisite is requited and you neet not have an environmental background to take either course.

The course descriptions are posted below, but please visit the course websites to register for the course or to find out more details: Greenhouse Gas Inventory, Accounting and Reporting and Greenhouse Gas Validation and Verification.


Climate change has become an issue of critical importance to business as regulations continue to emerge and stakeholders demand increasing levels of information related to environmental performance. Many companies are seeking to manage their exposure to climate risks and realize the growing opportunities through developing a carbon management strategy.

This course covers the principles and process of preparing a facility or company-wide greenhouse gas (GHG) inventory. Participants will become very familiar with the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) standard, ISO 14064-1 and the World Business Council for Sustainable Development and World Resources Institute Greenhouse Gas Protocol. These standards have become the foundation for most regulated and voluntary GHG reporting systems in North America. 

This course will be beneficial for people intending prepare a GHG inventory as well as those people intending to understand the process for developing a GHG inventory with the goal of becoming a GHG verifier (additional courses specifically focused on GHG verification are available).

Through a series of modules containing instructor presentations and interactive activities and case studies, participants will learn GHG accounting principles, the inventory development process, quantification of GHG emissions and the requirements for GHG reporting and preparing for verification.

By the end of the course, students should be able to:

  • plan and prepare a GHG inventory
  • calculating GHG emissions
  • designing GHG inventory quality management processes
  • prepare all documentation necessary for asserting a GHG report.


The projected environmental impacts of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are driving many organizations to reduce their GHG emissions, using independent, third-party verifiers to measure and verify their GHG emissions as part of an overall strategy that could lead to becoming net carbon neutral.

This 2-day course will provide detailed training on the approach to using the ISO 14064-3 standard, with specific examples of how verification would be applied to a GHG inventory prepared according to the ISO 14064-1 standard, or a project that conforms with the ISO 14064-2 standard. An overview of GHG Inventory and Project accounting (following ISO 14064-1, ISO 14064-2, respectively) is also provided.

The core value of this course is to emphasize the need for accuracy and consistency with GHG verification as requirements become more rigorous and industry progresses from voluntary reporting towards regulatory compliance.

The course includes interactive team-based exercises, a detailed case study (to reinforce key concepts throughout the course), and quizzes.

This course will cover the principles and process of greenhouse gas (GHG) validation and verification for both GHG inventories and GHG emission reduction reports. Students will be become very familiar with the ISO standard and the implementation of the standard within both regulatory and voluntary GHG programs. By the end of the course, students should be competent planning and conducting GHG validations and verifications including preparing all necessary documentation and evaluation of evidence. This course will be beneficial for people intending to conduct GHG validations and verifications as well as people who are preparing a GHG


The objectives of this training course are to:

  • Introduce the concepts of GHG validation and verification at the organization (inventory) and project (emission reduction) levels
  • Practice the process of conducting GHG validations and verifications that adhere to the ISO standard
  • Introduce the documentation and record requirements of the ISO standard and various GHG programs


By the end of this training course, the student should be able to:

  • Explain the difference between GHG validations and verification and the difference between the requirements of the ISO standard and GHG programs
  • Define the scope of validations and verifications, including the level of assurance, materiality, intended user, responsible party, and discrepancies
  • Develop verification activities to address validation and verification risks
  • Apply sampling methodologies to select an appropriate sample size for verification activities
  • Prepare a verification plan and sampling plan
  • Evaluate a GHG assertion and supporting evidence, including evaluating GHG systems and controls and discrepancies found in a GHG assertion
  • Produce the necessary documentation to support a GHG verification
  • Understand the record retention requirements for a GHG verification and the process to handle facts determined after a verification is complete

For more information, including module outlines and course schedule, please see the program website

All images by Folkert Gorter.